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The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer, a copyright notice, rules related to personal data protection and a cookies notice.


The Publications Office maintains this website to improve public access to official databases of national laws in EU countries. The N‑Lex portal enables citizens to access databases of national laws in EU countries and search them in their own language. We try to provide up-to-date and accurate information on each country's databases as well as the structure and content of their national legal systems. If errors are brought to our attention, we try to correct them. However, the Publications Office accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information on this site.

Information found on the N-Lex portal is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address specific circumstances

  • not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up-to-date

  • linked to external sites over which the Publications Office services have no control and for which the Publications Office assumes no responsibility

  • not professional or legal advice (if you need specific advice, you should always consult a qualified professional).

Please note that it cannot be guaranteed that a document available on-line exactly reproduces an officially adopted text.

It is our goal to minimise disruption caused by technical errors. However, some data and information on our site come from outside sources and may have been created or structured in files or formats that are not error-free. We cannot guarantee that our service will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The Publications Office accepts no responsibility with regard to such problems incurred as a result of using the N‑Lex site or any linked external sites.

The Publications Office cannot be held responsible for the information, views and documents contained in the official national law databases the N-Lex website links to, neither for the relevance of such links, nor for any other problem occurred while using these databases. You are invited to read the disclaimer thoroughly as well as the terms and conditions of use applicable to the database concerned.

This disclaimer is not intended to limit the liability of the Publications Office in contravention of any requirements laid down in applicable national law nor to exclude its liability for matters which may not be excluded under that law.

Copyright notice

© European Union, 2006-2021

The Commission’s document reuse policy is based on Decision 2011/833/EU.

Except where otherwise stated, the editorial content of this website is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. This means that you can reuse this content provided you acknowledge the source and indicate any changes you have made.

You may be required to clear additional rights if specific content depicts identifiable private individuals or includes third-party works. To use or reproduce content not owned by the EU, you may need to seek permission directly from the rights holders. To use any logos, you first need the prior consent of the Publications Office.

For conditions regarding the downloading, reproduction, translation or, in general, reuse of texts or legal documents available in the national databases, users must consult the copyright notice of the database concerned.

For all other copyright issues, please contact:

Privacy policy on the protection of personal data

Treatment of your data

The European Union is committed to user privacy.

The policy on protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions is based on Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2018 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and on the free movement of such data.

How do we treat e-mails you send us?

When you send an email message or a request to the Helpdesk service, your personal data is processed only to the extent necessary to reply. If the management team for the mailbox is unable to answer your question, your email will be forwarded to another service. You will be informed, via email, about where it has been sent.

If you have any questions about the processing of your email and related personal data, do not hesitate to include them in your message.

The processing of personal data by our Helpdesk is covered by a privacy statement of which the specific processing has been notified to the Data Protection Officer of the European Commission with the reference DPR-EC-00493 and published in the register of all operations processing personal data. You can access the register on the following link:

You can access the full privacy statement here:

Contact information

If you have comments or questions, any concerns or a complaint, please feel free to contact us using the following contact information:

Cookies policy

To make the websites of the Publications Office work properly, we sometimes place small data files called ‘cookies’ on your device.

What are cookies?

A cookie is a small text file that a website stores on your computer or mobile device when you visit the site. It enables the website to remember your actions and preferences (such as login, language, font size and other display preferences) over a period of time, so you don't have to keep re-entering them whenever you come back to the site or browse from one page to another.

  • First party cookies are cookies set by the website you’re visiting. Only that website can read them. In addition, a website might potentially use external services, which also set their own cookies, known as third-party cookies.
  • Persistent cookies are cookies saved on your computer and that are not deleted automatically when you quit your browser, unlike a session cookie, which is deleted when you quit your browser.

Every time you visit the Publications Office’s websites, you will be prompted to accept or refuse cookies.

Cookies can also be used to establish anonymised statistics about the browsing experience on our sites.

How do we use cookies?

Publication Office websites mostly use ‘first-party cookies’. These are cookies set and controlled by the Publications Office, not by any external organisation.

However, to view some of our pages, you will have to accept cookies from external organisations.

You can delete or block these cookies, but if you do that, some features of this site may not work as intended. These cookies are used to remember:

  • your display preferences, such as browsing language, contrast colour, font size, device used, search results preferences and notification preferences;
  • your latest visit on the website (for statistical purposes) and the three more recent pages visited (to help our helpdesk in case you send a request);
  • if you have agreed (or not) to our use of cookies on this site.

  • Visitor preferences

These are set by us and only we can read them. They remember if you have agreed to (or refused) this site’s cookie policy.

Name Service Purpose Cookie type and duration
eu_cookie_consent Cookie consent kit Stores your cookie preferences (so you won’t be asked again) First-party session cookie deleted after you quit your browser
has_js Content Management System (CMS) Checks if the client has JS enabled First-Party session cookie. Deleted after the user quits the browser.

  • Operational cookies

There are some cookies that we have to include in order for certain web pages to function. For this reason, they do not require your consent. In particular, technical cookies required by certain IT systems.

Technical cookies

Name Service Purpose Cookie type and duration
JSESSIONID Java Application Server Generated by Servlet container and is used for session management First-party session cookie deleted after you quit your browser

  • Analytics cookies

We use these purely for internal research on how we can improve the service we provide for all our users.

The cookies simply assess how you interact with our website – as an anonymous user (the data gathered does not identify you personally).

Also, this data is not shared with any third parties or used for any other purpose. The anonymised statistics could be shared with contractors working on communication projects under contractual agreement with the Publications Office.

However, you are free to refuse these types of cookies – either via the cookie banner you’ll see on the first page you visit.

Name Service Purpose Cookie type and duration
_pk_id# Corporate web analytics service, based on Matomo open source software Recognises website visitors (anonymously – no personal information is collected on the user). First-party persistent cookie, 13 months
_pk_ses# Corporate web analytics service, based on Matomo open source software Identifies the pages viewed by the same user during the same visit. (anonymously – no personal information is collected on the user). First-party persistent cookie, 30 minutes
_pk_ref# Corporate web analytics service, based on Matomo open source software Used to store the attribution information, the referrer initially used to visit the website First-party persistent cookie, 6 months

  • Third-party cookies

Most pages display content from national websites.

To view this third-party content, you first have to accept their specific terms and conditions. This includes their cookie policies, which we have no control over.

But if you do not view this content, no third-party cookies are installed on your device.

Third-party providers on Publications Office websites

These third-party services are outside of the control of the Publications Office. Providers may, at any time, change their terms of service, purpose and use of cookies, etc.

Private data

The cookie-related information is not used to identify you personally and the pattern data is fully under our control. These cookies are not used for any purpose other than those described here.

How can you manage cookies?

You can manage/delete cookies as you wish - for details, see

Removing cookies from your device

You can delete all cookies that are already on your device by clearing the browsing history of your browser. This will remove all cookies from all websites you have visited.

Be aware though that you may also lose some saved information (e.g. saved login details, site preferences).

Managing site-specific cookies

For more detailed control over site-specific cookies, check the privacy and cookie settings in your preferred browser

Blocking cookies

You can set most modern browsers to prevent any cookies being placed on your device, but you may then have to manually adjust some preferences every time you visit a site/page. And some services and functionalities may not work properly at all (e.g. profile logging-in).